www.ascd.org/ascd_express/vol3/320_immordino-yang.aspx This article explains the intertwined nature of emotion and cognition and suggests ways to attend to the emotional aspects of learning in designing lessons. It addresses why, for example, focusing on test preparation without regard for students’ emotions and relationships is misguided. The author makes the case that teachers who pay attention to students’ emotional learning needs can help improve their academic performance.
www.edutopia.org/blog/dialogue-defibrillators-jump-start-classroom-discussions-todd-finley This teacher blog post describes eight common reasons why students may not share their thoughts or explain their ideas in class discussions and offers tips for addressing them. These strategies can help teachers encourage students to contribute their unique voices to class discussions and promote dialogue that supports learning.
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/learn-listen-listen-learn This classroom routine, which can be used in a variety of instructional contexts, promotes student discussion and helps to establish a climate of safety and respect. Students journal to clarify their own views about a controversial topic, then discuss their individual views in small groups, listening carefully to each other in order to understand the perspectives of their peers, and then share ideas with the larger group.
www.originsonline.org/acknowledgments-cheers-closings#all This collection of activities offers a variety of ways to encourage positive communications and interactions among students, which can help to create a safe and supportive learning environment for everyone. The menu includes a variety of simple community-building activities designed to build positive classroom culture, which are easy to implement with students at a range of grade levels.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept16/vol74/num01/What-to-Do-in-Week-One%C2%A2.aspx This article offers helpful suggestions for cultivating positive teacher-student relationships within the classroom during the first week of school and beyond. The writer describes the importance of recognizing each student as an individual and provides several useful strategies that can be implemented any time to create a climate where students feel known, valued, and welcomed.
dwwlibrary.wested.org/resources/957 This video offers a helpful overview of the rationale for explicitly teaching vocabulary and recommended strategies for maximizing the benefits of such instruction to improve students’ reading comprehension. It explains the importance of teaching both the meanings of selected words and word learning strategies, as well as a variety of practical suggestions for employing this important clarification strategy in teaching any subject.
www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/gist-summarizing-strategy-content-290.html This series of lessons scaffolds instruction to develop students’ summarizing skills, beginning with clarifying and modeling and offering practice in applying those skills with increasing independence. This strategy for summarizing texts, which is adaptable and broadly applicable across content areas, involves answering the key questions of journalism who, what, where, when, why, and how.
www.readingrockets.org/strategies/summarizing This concise resource explains why summarizing is an important comprehension strategy and how to teach it. It also includes a selection of related classroom activities, templates, and lesson plans for teaching students how to identify and summarize the main ideas of a text. The list of “more summarizing activities” includes many techniques that can also be used to check for understanding.
www.edutopia.org/blog/dipsticks-to-check-for-understanding-todd-finley This blog post provides a variety of examples of formative assessment strategies teachers can use to check for understanding in order to inform instruction, as well as links to related resources with additional information, tools, and suggestions. It explains techniques such as methodical observation, student reflections, and summarizing activities, which can help students both monitor and consolidate their understanding, while also helping the teacher plan subsequent instruction.
www.readingrockets.org/article/how-increase-higher-order-thinking This article explains how to respond to students’ questions in ways that foster higher order thinking, and offers a variety of teaching strategies that can help to develop thinking skills. It describes techniques for explaining clearly, promoting discussion, connecting ideas, and otherwise deepen and expand students’ thinking.
www.originsonline.org/newsletters/winter-2011-dd/language-and-mindset-effective-redirection This article describes ten effective verbal deflectors and when to use them to to address potential conflicts before they erupt, keep students in a positive frame of mind, and maintain the momentum of a lesson. It also offers general tips for maintaining order in the classroom. These tested strategies provide helpful language for redirecting students to make more constructive choices and learn critical self-management skills.
www.responsiveclassroom.org/responding-defiance-moment This article addresses the intertwined nature of social, emotional, and academic well-being and identifies common underlying causes for defiant student behavior. It offers practical tips for de-escalating defiance in the classroom, avoiding power struggles, redirecting unproductive behavior, and minimizing distraction for other students. It explains the value of understanding individual needs influencing students’ behavior and supporting them in learning prosocial and self-management skills.
www.tolerance.org/blog/talking-circles-restorative-justice-and-beyond This teacher’s blog post explains how she uses Talking Circles in a variety of ways to build relationships, establish a safe and respectful learning environment, and check for understanding. She describes how she establishes norms and how she uses circles weekly in her advisory meeting and during her reading instruction, in addition to using them for restorative purposes to support students in managing their behavior and being accountable to […]
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/contracting This article describes how to create a class contract in order to establish a classroom climate where students feel respected, valued, and emotionally safe when sharing their views and offering differing perspectives. It includes recommendations for engaging students productively and collaboratively in developing shared expectations for a “reflective classroom community.”
www.responsiveclassroom.org/three-types-of-logical-consequences This brief article describes three broadly applicable strategies that can help teachers foster student self-management skills and redirect unproductive behavior in order to establish an orderly, on-task, positive classroom climate that enables student learning.
www.assessmentforlearning.edu.au/professional_learning/peer_feedback/peer_strategies_enhance.html This article provides several strategies to guide students in providing feedback on each other’s work, including use of rubrics and exemplars. Simple feedback protocols offer a variety of ways to support students in framing comments on each other’s work, highlighting both strengths and suggestions for improvement.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/apr16/vol73/num07/The-Secret-of-Effective-Feedback.aspx This article offers insightful and practical approaches to providing students with feedback on their work that is meaningful and actionable. The writer explains that the only worthwhile feedback is that which improves performance. He describes how to design tasks that illuminate student thinking to inform teaching and employ strategies that challenge students to assess their own work and to revise their work based on feedback.
eleducation.org/resources/student-led-guidelines-for-using-materials-and-space In this video, teachers engage their students in establishing and implementing classroom guidelines for efficient and productive use of tools, materials, and spaces to optimize learning. These classroom snapshots offer helpful illustrations of the power of engaging students in determining guidelines for thoughtful and productive use of learning materials and environments.
www.edutopia.org/blog/big-and-small-classroom-management-strategies-todd-finley This teacher’s blog post offers a variety of practical classroom management tips and strategies that can help to establish a positive classroom climate, elicit cooperative student behavior, and keep students productively engaged in learning.
www.edutopia.org/blog/8-tips-and-tricks-redesign-your-classroom This article offers tips for redesigning classroom space that can help teachers strategically customize learning spaces with student input. These ideas can help teachers foster classroom conditions that promote specific modes of learning and allow for smooth and productive learning activities.
www.edutopia.org/article/mastering-transitions-todd-finley This helpful article describes the importance of efficient transitions in the classroom and recommends a procedure for establishing effective cues to guide students in transitioning fluidly in order to make the most of instructional time. The author then offers useful suggestions for troubleshooting common problems during transitions that result in wasted learning time.
www.edutopia.org/blog/instructional-pacing-tips-rebecca-alber This blog post describes seven essentials of pacing to keep students engaged and events running smoothly in the classroom. These teaching tips include a variety of easy-to-implement strategies for keeping instruction moving at pace that maximizes learning time and keeps students focused and engaged.
www.edutopia.org/blog/using-gaming-principles-engage-students-douglas-kiang This article discusses strategies used by game designers for engaging learners that can be effectively applied in the design of classroom instruction. It distills what makes game-based learning fun and how to transfer those design principles to a variety of classroom learning experiences. For example, building in opportunities for choice, feedback, and creativity can help to engage students and challenge them to persist in their learning.
www.amle.org/BrowsebyTopic/ClassroomManagement/ClassDet/TabId/183/ArtMID/787/ArticleID/185/The-Power-of-Positive-Relationships.aspx This article offers general suggestions for building positive relationships with and among students and specific strategies for putting them into practice in the classroom. The list includes recommendations related to clarifying expectations, getting to know students individually, and holding their attention during instruction.
www.edutopia.org/article/encouraging-students-own-their-work-joshua-block This teacher blog post articulates strategies for personalizing learning, building student ownership, and engaging students in meaningful work. The author argues that students produce higher quality work when they are able to make choices and incorporate their interests, and he offers several examples from his own classroom.
www.edutopia.org/practice/solving-real-world-issues-through-problem-based-learning This video and accompanying article describe and demonstrate how teachers design and facilitate learning experiences that capture students’ interest and engage them in thinking deeply through projects and investigations that address complex, real-world problems. They offer tips for incorporating problem-based learning into teaching, such as inviting students to contribute their questions, ideas, and input and identifying community problems that provide authentic contexts for learning.
www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/how-choose-best-multicultural-books This guide provides an excellent list of books to include in classroom libraries that celebrate a variety of cultures and portray them with complexity and accuracy. The guide also offers insightful recommendations for selecting books that depict various cultures authentically and respectfully, avoid stereotypes, and reflect a diversity of cultural experiences.
eleducation.org/resources/creating-high-quality-work-multiple-levels-of-support This article offers concrete strategies to support students’ pursuit of high quality work by clarifying criteria for success, analyzing models, focusing instruction, and providing opportunities for feedback on work in progress. These strategies help to ensure that students have the needed instructional support for developing new skills and concepts throughout the process of crafting products or otherwise demonstrating their understanding.
www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle1#principle1_g3 This well-organized guide to implementing principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) explains why it’s important to clarify and consolidate students\u2019 understanding and offers a variety of practical strategies, examples, and resources. For instance, activating background knowledge, highlighting patterns and big ideas, scaffolding cognitive processing, and supporting transfer can all help to deepen and solidify students’ understanding.
www.tolerance.org/publication/classroom-culture This resource describes teaching practices and strategies that promote a safe and respectful classroom culture in which all students can thrive. These practices include building positive relationships with students as well as establishing and reinforcing shared expectations for student behavior and interactions. Recommendations address the value of building community and the importance of considering student diversity along a variety of dimensions when designing the classroom environment.
eleducation.org/resources/the-who-what-and-why-of-models-critique-and-descriptive-feedback This summary of linked strategies can help teachers build a classroom learning culture in which useful feedback based on clear criteria is viewed by all as a critical part of the learning process. A brief chart outlines a useful process and rationale for clarifying learning targets, establishing success criteria, and teaching students to reflect and share feedback on progress toward those targets in light of the success criteria.
www.edutopia.org/blog/webbs-depth-knowledge-increase-rigor-gerald-aungst This article articulates techniques for designing learning tasks that provide varying levels of challenge. It offers helpful guidance about characteristics of tasks that require different levels of cognitive demand and suggestions for how to transform low-challenge questions into probing questions that require students to think deeply.
www.edutopia.org/blog/building-positive-relationships-ELL-larry-ferlazzo-katie-hull-sypnieski In this blog post, a teacher of English Language Learners (ELLs) recommends several tips for building positive, personalized relationships with students. He describes why learning about students\u2019 interests and background promotes engagement, and why he welcomes student input as part of the learning process. He offers a variety of easily implemented strategies for building relationships with ELLs or any students.
www.originsonline.org/newsletters/winter-2012-dd/social-contract-proactive-discipline-help-science-students-and-their In this article, a middle school science teacher explains her success in shifting from a reactive to a proactive approach to discipline and how establishing positive relationships can help to maintain a smoothly functioning classroom. Beginning the school year by surveying students about their learning needs and developing a social contract together can help to clarify expectations and create a safe, inclusive, and productive learning environment.
eleducation.org/resources/el-attributes-of-high-quality-work This brief article offers guidance to teachers interested in planning worthwhile student projects that culminate in high-quality work products and result in deep understanding. Specifically, it describes considerations for designing projects that engage students in producing work that shows complexity, craftsmanship, and authenticity.
dwwlibrary.wested.org/resources/934 In this video, a teacher explains and demonstrates how she scaffolds instruction in order to break down complex tasks and provide instructional support for reading comprehension skills by thinking aloud and using a graphic organizer to illustrate her thought process. She models success by demonstrating the task first, asks students to practice together, further clarifies after checking for understanding, and then invites students to apply the strategy independently.
www.edutopia.org/blog/building-positive-trusting-classroom-jose-vilson This teacher blog post articulates the importance of cultivating an emotionally safe learning environment in the classroom. The author offers a few helpful strategies for developing supportive relationships with students, encouraging positive behavior, and responding to students in ways that take into account their social and emotional learning needs.
www.visiblethinkingpz.org/VisibleThinking_html_files/03_ThinkingRoutines/03d_UnderstandingRoutines/WhatMakes/WhatMakes_Routine.html This simple, accessible thinking routine consists of two simple questions that challenge students to think deeply and explain their understanding during any part of a learning experience. It can help to develop a regular practice among students of justifying their ideas, theories, or interpretations with evidence. Whether used in small or large group discussions or with individual students, this routine can help teachers and students monitor depth of understanding.
www.edutopia.org/classroom-management-teacher-tips-video The first in this series of brief videos illustrating effective classroom management strategies features a teacher who connects personally with students as they enter his classroom with a handshake, a greeting, and a review question. This daily routine helps to foster orderly, respectful behavior, build relationships, and create a climate where students feel valued, welcomed, and ready to work.
www.edutopia.org/practice/stw-glenview-practice-dialogue-circles-video In this video, a teacher describes and demonstrates how she uses dialogue circles to cultivate an emotionally safe learning environment and respond to students\u2019 social and emotional needs in order to help them stay focused on achieving their full potential. The accompanying article suggests strategies for using circles to build positive relationships with and among students and foster respectful, on-task classroom behavior.
www.edutopia.org/article/science-of-effective-learning-spaces-melina-uncapher This article articulates several factors for teachers to consider when designing a learning environment in order to promote students’ well-being and academic success. It describes how physical conditions such as light, noise, temperature, and seating arrangements can have an impact on learning and offers suggestions for how to minimize distractions and create a environment that is conducive to learning.
www.edutopia.org/stw-assessment-authentic-reading-skills-teacher-video The teacher featured in this video describes how reflection on her own learning process prompted her to create formative assessments that break down specific skills, which she assesses on a continuum for each student. She regularly assesses students’ work and checks for understanding to inform her teaching. She groups students and differentiates instruction based on their specific learning needs, providing appropriate levels of challenge and support for each student.
www.edutopia.org/article/helping-troubled-students-through-relationships-david-bulley This article explains the intertwined nature of social, emotional, and academic well-being and provides tips for developing supportive, personalized relationships with students in order to cultivate an emotionally and academically safe learning environment. The author grounds his suggestions in his experience working with students and colleagues, and he tells a compelling story about the value of establishing trust in promoting positive student behavior.
www.originsonline.org/educator-help/conversation-management This article articulates methods for cultivating productive classroom conversation and establishing a climate that encourages participation. It offers helpful guidance on establishing and maintaining conversation norms, as well as a variety of practical strategies for managing participation, including what to model and practice for each.
www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle1#principle1_g2 This well-organized guide to implementing principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) articulates why it’s important to explain new content in multiple ways and offers a variety of practical strategies, examples, and resources. For example, directly teaching key vocabulary or syntax, explaining ideas using a variety of media, and lowering barriers to decoding can all help to clarify important concepts, minimize confusion, and accommodate a range of learning differences.
www.ascd.org/publications/books/109004/chapters/What-Makes-a-Question-Essential%A2.aspx This book chapter explains how teaching with essential questions can challenge students to think deeply about big ideas that are core to the disciplines and captivate their interest by making learning meaningful. This informative introduction assists teachers in crafting questions to guide inquiry and learning that help students make connections among ideas and understand the relevance, value, and depth of topics being studied.
www.edutopia.org/practice/morning-meetings-creating-safe-space-learning This video and accompanying article explain and illustrate how morning meeting routines can help to create a safe environment for learning, including suggested structure and sample activities. Featured teachers demonstrate how they show concern for students’ emotional well-being and offer helpful tips to help build rapport in the classroom.
www.edutopia.org/article/optimal-seating-plan-letting-your-students-choose-emelina-minero This video and accompanying article offer strategies for organizing the classroom in ways that optimize student engagement in learning. The featured teachers explain and model how they use flexible seating to meet a variety of student learning needs. Students use self-management skills and make responsible choices to create seating arrangements that are well matched to each learning task.
www.edutopia.org/blog/why-restorative-practices-benefit-all-students-maurice-elias In this brief interview, a research scientist explains the negative impact of stress and punitive disciplinary measures on students and urges teachers to use preventive restorative practices with all students. The approach described helps to foster students’ self-management skills and build a greater sense of community in order to cultivate an emotionally safe learning environment.
www.responsiveclassroom.org/is-your-classroom-organized-for-learning/ This article offers helpful suggestions for organizing classroom spaces to help students feel welcome and stay positively focused on learning. It provides useful questions and checklists to guide the design of classroom environments that accommodate a variety of learning activities and foster smooth transitions and productive learning conditions in order to meet the needs all students.
rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php This online tool helps teachers create customized rubrics to clarify expectations, guide teaching and learning, support peer review and self-assessment, and focus constructive feedback to help students produce high quality work. The tool allows teachers to create, save, and modify rubrics using starter templates, and it offers a variety of examples of rubrics created by teachers. Other online teacher tools by 4Teachers can also be accessed through this site.
www.readwritethink.org/professional-development/strategy-guides/exit-slips-30760.html Exit slips invite students to briefly reflect on what they learned during a lesson and can provide teachers with an informal assessment of student understanding. They can help teachers find out how students are synthesizing and connecting what they are learning, what they are still wondering about, or any other information that can assist in planning further instruction. A variety of practical suggestions for employing this versatile strategy are […]
www.ascd.org/publications/books/108035/chapters/Procedures-for-Classroom-Talk.aspx This article explains the benefits of facilitating classroom discussion and offers a variety of strategies for ensuring that student conversation promotes learning, that everyone participates, and that student perspectives are respected. The authors discuss the importance of classroom talk for English language learners, and they provide practical tips for managing small group discussions so that expectations are clear, time is used productively, and distractions are minimized.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept12/vol70/num01/Seven-Keys-to-Effective-Feedback.aspx This well-written article clearly articulates core principles to guide teachers in providing helpful feedback on student work that builds student ownership of performance goals and results in noticeable improvements. It explains the importance of clarity about expectations and offers illustrative examples of the kind of feedback that promotes learning and helps students progress toward meeting those expectations.
www.adlit.org/article/19905/ This classroom routine can help students, especially struggling readers, to actively engage with texts so that they comprehend what they are reading, connect new ideas with existing knowledge, and practice summarizing to consolidate their understanding.
eleducation.org/resources/first-five-minutes-last-five-minutes This brief video demonstrates strategies for maximizing learning time at the beginning and ending of a class, including ways to focus students, check for understanding, and consolidate learning. It offers a variety of useful examples of how teachers use entry tickets and exit tickets to establish clear routines for starting and ending class that keep students on task and focused on learning while also helping the teacher keep track […]
www.originsonline.org/newsletters/winter-2009-dd-0/creating-community-all-day-long In this article, a teacher recommends several strategies for building relationships with students and inviting their input on classroom activities. She makes a good case for why investing time in developing positive relationships and building community promotes engagement and assists with classroom management, and she shares some practical strategies for doing so.
eleducation.org/resources/adapting-curriculum-to-learners-needs The teacher featured in this video demonstrates how she differentiates instruction based on individual students’ learning needs so that everyone can engage in the lesson with confidence, feel supported and challenged, and achieve success. She models and explains how she personalizes instruction during a close reading lesson in ways that are respectful of students’ varied learning needs and readiness levels.
www.originsonline.org/newsletters/spring-2011-dd/scattered-unreadiness-winning-teamwork This teacher’s authentic and informative account of solving the common problem of students coming to class unprepared provides a good example of the power of positive reinforcement and of engaging students in collaborative problem-solving.
www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle3#principle3_g7 This well-organized guide to implementing principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) explains why it’s important to personalize learning experiences and offers a variety of practical classroom strategies, examples, and resources. For example, providing choices and inviting input, highlighting relevance and value, and minimizing distractions can all contribute to captivating students’ interest, sustaining their attention, and addressing their specific learning needs.
www.originsonline.org/newsletters/fall-2009-dd/small-groups-big-gains In this article, a teacher describes how she worked with students to implement, monitor, and adjust procedures to support focused student collaboration in her classroom. She tells the real story of a her efforts over time to help students become more productive in small group work, including bumps in the road and course corrections.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct12/vol70/num02/Cracking-the-Behavior-Code.aspx This article offers practical strategies for addressing the behavior of students who are oppositional, withdrawn, or anxious, sharing tools for uncovering the source of the behavior and responding productively. It articulates a useful framework for creating plans that address issues with disruptive students and includes specific strategies that work well for accommodating, interacting with, and responding to students presenting particular types of challenges.
www.ascd.org/publications/books/112001/chapters/What-Are-Rubrics-and-Why-Are-They-Important%C2%A2.aspx This introductory book chapter explains what rubrics are and when, why, and how to use them to guide learning and provide feedback on student work based on established criteria. It provides a helpful overview of different types of rubrics and how they can be used to clarify learning goals and expectations and frame feedback on student work products and performances.
www.edutopia.org/blog/five-strategies-more-voice-choice-students-rebecca-alber In this blog post, a teacher suggests strategies for engaging students by offering them opportunities to provide input and make choices about what they learn and how they communicate their learning. Recommendations include surveys to gauge student understanding as well as interest, invitations to choose topics of study and project options, and activities that help students make connections between what they are learning and the world outside of school.
www.edutopia.org/blog/scaffolding-lessons-six-strategies-rebecca-alber This article describes strategies for scaffolding instruction to clarify understanding, such as modeling, providing students time to talk, and using graphic organizers or other visual aids. This concise list of effective scaffolding strategies offers practical ideas for teaching new content in ways that facilitate learning and help all students make sense of what is being taught.
www.visiblethinkingpz.org/VisibleThinking_html_files/03_ThinkingRoutines/03d_UnderstandingRoutines/321Bridge/321Bridge_Routine.html This thinking routine invites students to activate prior knowledge, ask and investigate their own questions, and make connections to deepen and consolidate their learning. It helps students build bridges between their thinking before and after a learning experience and can help teachers plan and facilitate instruction that is responsive to students’ understanding.
www.mindsetkit.org/topics/praise-process-not-person/praising-process-see-action This video features a teacher who explains how she encourages a growth mindset by inviting students to set their own specific improvement goals and encouraging them in their efforts to develop the skills they have identified. It’s full of illustrative examples of how she gives specific, personalized feedback on students’ writing process, helps them identify focused goals to work toward, and praises what they are doing with language that […]
www.mindsetkit.org/topics/celebrate-mistakes/give-work-encourages-mistakes-see-action The teacher in this video discusses and demonstrates how she reinforces students’ efforts to solve challenging problems, including practices such as inviting them to justify their thinking and encouraging them to try different approaches. She models strategies and language that help her young students tackle challenges, expect difficulties, develop problem-solving skills, discuss their thinking, and build habits and mindsets that will serve them throughout their school careers.
www.mindsetworks.com/Free-Resources These resources provide helpful support for cultivating a growth mindset among students. Tools such as the “Growth Mindset Framing Tool” and “Growth Mindset Feedback Tool” offer examples of the types of messages that convey a belief in students\’ capabilities and encourage them to persist and persevere in the face of challenge. A rubric and explanatory article can be shared with students to help them understand how sustained effort at […]
www.edutopia.org/practice/embracing-failure-building-growth-mindset-through-arts The teachers and students in this video explain the importance of failure as a necessary part of developing a growth mindset and striving for high-quality work. The video and accompanying article include recommendations for how to foster a culture of continuous improvement by embracing mistakes as learning opportunities, encouraging perseverance, and teaching students how to provide and appreciate timely, specific, and actionable feedback.
www.thersa.org/discover/videos/rsa-animate/2015/how-to-help-every-child-fulfil-their-potential This animated speech by Carol Dweck explains the difference between a “fixed mindset” and a “growth mindset” and the implications for teaching and learning. Dweck describes her research indicating that praising students\’ process rather than intelligence helps them take risks, meet challenges, and grow from those learning experiences. She shares strategies for cultivating a growth mindset that helps students persist in the face of challenge and develop their capabilities […]
www.edutopia.org/blog/students-biggest-lie-resolving-it-jose-vilson This blog post explains how one teacher responds to students who say, “I can\’t.” He shares insights about why students may be resistant to making effort on learning tasks as well as strategies for engaging them, helping them believe in their own capacity, and pressing them to persist in the face of challenge to meet high expectations.
eleducation.org/resources/building-a-classroom-culture-of-trust-and-collaboration This book excerpt identifies strategies for establishing a classroom culture where students feel intellectually and emotionally safe and view challenges and mistakes as opportunities for learning. It explains how building a safe learning environment is key to cultivating a growth mindset, which helps students persevere to meet learning challenges, and also to checking for understanding, which works best if students are comfortable expressing their learning struggles as well as […]
eleducation.org/resources/austins-butterfly This video offers a beautiful example of using models to define criteria and guide student work, engaging students in closely examining each other’s work, and coaching them in providing constructive feedback on progress. It illustrates the power of this strategy to help students raise their standards for high-quality work and achieve more than they thought possible.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct07/vol65/num02/The-Perils-and-Promises-of-Praise.aspx This article offers an excellent overview of the concept of growth mindset, the compelling research behind it, and why it is so valuable to cultivate among students to help them develop successful lifelong learning habits. It explains how praising students\u2019 intelligence can cause them to avoid challenge, while praising their effort can help them embrace challenge, reinforcing the idea that hard work leads to improvement.
www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle3#principle3_g8 This well-organized guide to implementing principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) explains why it’s important to help students learn to sustain attention and effort in the face of learning challenges and offers a variety of practical strategies, examples, and resources. For instance, reinforcing goals, differentiating instruction, fostering collaboration, and providing informative feedback focused on effort and improvement can help students address learning challenges successfully. “}]
vimeo.com/100358675 This video shows a variety of strategies in action for challenging students to learn and do more than they think they can. Featured teachers encourage students to persist in the face of challenge, embrace learning struggles, explain their thinking, and push themselves and each other toward deeper learning. Educators also demonstrate the importance of building relationships, promoting active engagement, and supporting students in taking ownership of their learning.
www.timeandlearning.org/our-services This online tool is designed to help teachers track and analyze use of classroom time, which can assist in monitoring and reflecting on pacing, transitions, disruptions, engagement, and balance of learning activities. The tool makes it easy for teachers observing each other’s classrooms (or their own classroom video) to document what teachers and students are doing throughout a lesson and then reflect on where adjustments might be made.
www.edutopia.org/stw-assessment-authentic-relevant-lessons-video The teacher featured in this video highlights the relevance of what he is teaching, connects ideas, and engages students actively in learning. He designs tasks that invite students to synthesize and apply their understanding in real-world contexts. He anticipates challenges, monitors student work to check for understanding, and identifies common mistakes, all of which inform his teaching.
www.azk12.org/tim/index.php This interactive collection of lesson plans and videos offers a variety of examples of how technology can help to engage students in learning that is active, collaborative, constructive, authentic, and goal-directed. These sample lessons are organized through a matrix, which describes ways in which technology can support student engagement, and teachers can navigate to relevant examples at appropriate grade levels.
www.ascd.org/publications/books/109107/chapters/Module-A.-The-Big-Ideas-of-UbD.aspx This book chapter describes an approach to designing curriculum, instruction, and assessments in which teachers plan backwards from what they want students to understand and be able to do and engage students actively in meaningful learning experiences involving inquiry and application of skills and knowledge in authentic contexts. This overview highlights the value of student input, regular checks for understanding, and performance assessments guided by clear criteria for quality […]
www.edutopia.org/blog/student-choice-leads-to-voice-joshua-block This teacher’s blog post offers a variety of examples of how he and his colleagues have incorporated student choice into the curriculum. They describe a range of projects, including parameters set by each teacher as well as opportunities for students to have a voice in what they learn and how they demonstrate their learning. Each one illustrates the power of choice to engage students actively in learning important skills […]
dwwlibrary.wested.org/resources/618 This video includes a helpful overview of higher order questions, why they are important, and how to use them effectively in a variety of contexts. It describes a variety of teaching strategies that focus on using higher-order questions to help students deepen their thinking, develop their understanding, and make their thinking visible so that teachers and students can clear up confusion and strengthen explanations when necessary. Links to sample […]
www.edutopia.org/stw-assessment-authentic-student-engagement-video The teacher featured in this video illustrates how he sparks and maintains interest and cultivates curiosity and inquiry through designing a project that engages students actively, creatively, and collaboratively in learning. He clarifies key concepts by highlighting their relevance and their connections to students’ experiences. He invites students to deepen their understanding through teaching others and provides clear expectations and constructive feedback to help them produce quality work.
vimeo.com/76178452 In this video, a teacher illustrates how she prepares students for participation in small-group discussions, helping them to document their ideas and supporting evidence in advance. She asks questions that highlight the relevance of important concepts, encourages students to ask and investigate their own questions, and requires them to explain their thinking. She engages students in clarifying expectations for small group discussions and in assessing how well they meet […]
www.readingrockets.org/strategies/reciprocal_teaching This article and video explain how to use designated group roles in order to promote interaction through student-led peer group discussion about a text. Reciprocal teaching is a technique that engages students in reading comprehension strategies including questioning, clarifying, summarizing, and predicting. Accompanying resources support classroom implementation in a variety of teaching contexts to help students explain their thinking and deepen their understanding.
www.p21.org/component/content/article/31-ict-literacy-maps These maps offer many illustrative examples of learning tasks that address 21st century skills along with other curriculum standards, providing a variety of ideas for using technology to engage students in learning. The maps suggest a multitude of ways to incorporate digital tools and resources into instruction that help to build student ownership, cultivate inquiry, promote discussion and collaboration, connect ideas, deepen understanding, and engage students in producing high […]
www.edutopia.org/blog/enliven-class-discussion-with-gallery-walks-rebecca-alber This teaching strategy, which can be used in a variety of instructional contexts, sparks interest in learning by creating interactive learning experiences for students. The article suggests various ways of challenging students to silently engage with ideas, student work, and other materials around the classroom in order to cultivate curiosity, promote inquiry, and deepen thinking.
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/big-paper-silent-conversation This classroom routine, which can be used in a variety of instructional contexts, promotes discussion by inviting students to engage deeply with a topic through silently writing responses to a stimulus and then reading and responding to their peers’ comments. At the end of the routine, students are invited to openly debrief in small groups to discuss their thoughts.
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/assigning-roles-group-work This classroom strategy involves establishing roles within groups in order to focus discussion, manage time effectively, and efficiently guide student learning. Creating roles and routines for group work enables student learning by systematizing classroom procedures, distributing responsibilities for group work products, and creating structures that hold all students accountable for their contributions.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/nov14/vol72/num03/Talking-to-Learn.aspx In this article, the author makes a strong case for the value of student-driven discussions and offers helpful guidance about how to cultivate a classroom climate where students feel safe and motivated to participate. She argues for investing time in laying the groundwork for classroom discussion as a prerequisite for inviting students to share thoughts and opinions as part of the learning process and offers practical strategies for doing […]
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/save-last-word-me This simple, accessible classroom routine engages students in learning by inviting silent inquiry and reflection about a text, video, or other instructional materials prior to active participation in discussion. The protocol, which can be adapted for use in a variety of teaching contexts, supports students in contributing their ideas and opinions as well as listening openly to the thoughts and views of others.
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/fishbowl This article articulates several instructional uses for a versatile discussion strategy that facilitates interaction and promotes thinking by providing structured opportunities for students both to speak and to listen to each other as they engage with ideas and materials. It outlines steps for setting up a fishbowl, including establishing clear expectations for participation and reviewing discussion norms to ensure all ideas and views are treated with respect.
www.tolerance.org/publication/instruction This resource describes instructional practices and strategies that foster engaging and challenging learning experiences for all students. These practices include promoting discussion, collaboration, and higher order thinking, as well as clarifying expectations and highlighting relevance. Recommendations address the value of incorporating student perspectives and the importance of considering classroom diversity along a variety of dimensions when designing instruction.
eleducation.org/resources/collaborative-culture-academic-talk This article with embedded videos offers guidance in facilitating student discussions that promote learning. The article explains the value of norms and protocols in ensuring that academic discussions are respectful and productive. The videos illustrate a variety of examples of teaching strategies that help students effectively engage in academic discussions to deepen understanding, such as establishing norms, coaching students in using talk moves, and employing a fishbowl protocol.
www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/teaching-strategies/barometer-taking-stand-controversial-issues This classroom activity, which can be used in a variety of instructional contexts, engages students in broadening and deepening their perspectives by inviting them to literally and figuratively take a stand on a debatable issue, explain their positions, and consider other viewpoints. The routine describes several steps to ensure smooth implementation, including establishing a student contract to maintain a safe and respectful learning environment.
vimeo.com/channels/deeperliteracy/131805947 In this two-part video, a teacher describes and demonstrates how her students explore and analyze differing perspectives using a variety of primary sources. The video aptly illustrates how the teacher probes student thinking and students ground their statements in evidence from complex texts as they engage in turn and talk, class discussion, and other interactive activities.
www.edutopia.org/practice/personalized-learning-enabling-student-voice-and-choice-through-projects In this video, several teachers describe and demonstrate how they personalize learning and facilitate active engagement in their classrooms. The video and accompanying article offer useful strategies for designing engaging projects that cultivate curiosity and inquiry, promote interaction, provide choice as well as helpful structure and guidance, and offer opportunities for students to demonstrate their learning in a variety of ways.
www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct14/vol72/num02/Making-Cooperative-Learning-Powerful.aspx This article explains the value of cooperative learning and articulates techniques for making it work successfully. The author outlines helpful suggestions for designing lessons that set students up to work together effectively, and he provides practical strategies for ensuring that cooperative learning time is productive and that collaboration promotes learning among all participants.
www.edutopia.org/blog/help-students-become-better-questioners-warren-berger This blog post offers suggestions for building a classroom culture in which students are encouraged to ask questions that stimulate thinking and promote learning. The author recommends establishing conditions that make it both safe and rewarding for students to ask questions, and he recommends a variety of activities to help students develop their questioning skills. He argues for placing more emphasis on teaching questioning, a skill that leads to […]
7Cs Teaching Resources
- Care: Building Relationships
- Captivate: Facilitating Active Participation
- Confer: Inviting Input
- Clarify: Explaining Clearly
- Consolidate: Reviewing and Summarizing
- Challenge: Pressing for Persistence
- Classroom Management: Managing Behavior
- Captivate: Designing Stimulating Lessons
- Challenge: Pressing for Rigorous Thinking
- Challenge: Pressing for Quality Work
- Classroom Management: Managing Activities
- Confer: Respecting Perspectives
- Consolidate: Connecting Ideas
- Clarify: Checking for Understanding
- Care: Addressing Learning Needs
- Clarify: Providing Constructive Feedback
- Confer: Promoting Discussion